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Qualifications

BSc (Hons.Eng.) MSc (Eng.) MSc (Comp) PhD MACI FHEA

About

Dr Bai specialises in sustainable materials and structural systems, with emphasis on technical advances in low carbon materials and structural systems. His work has been broadly based within the field of concrete science / technology, structural systems and computational optimization, involving research, consultancy, learning and teaching.

Recently he has successfully secured grants in total £215,700 including 2 European Social Fund (ESF) (1 PhD and 1 MRes), 3 Strategic Insight Programme (SIP) projects, and consultancy with British Standards Institution (BSI), Catnic (TATA Steel).

He has also been actively involved in international collaborations with partners in Europe, India and China.

Experience

Dr Bai has been working as Research Fellow, Senior Lecturer and Reader in the University of South Wales since he completed his PhD at University of Dundee. He has obtained extensive professional and academic experience in research, consultancy, learning and teaching. He has been actively involved in:

  • developing, managing and undertaking research and knowledge transfer;
  • successful research grant applications from research council (European Social Fund) and Welsh Government in collaboration with industrial partners;
  • developing close international collaborations, including research projects, course development and student exchanges; and
  • promoting, further developing and strengthening links with industry.

Responsibilities

Current principal responsibilities:

In research:

  • Project Director for projects funded by European Social Fund (ESF);
  • Director of Studies / supervisor to PhDs;
  • Principal investigator for research grants / projects and;
  • Internal / external examiner of MRes and PhD;
  • Engaging close international collaborations through research projects and publications;

In teaching:

  • Programme leader: Civil Engineering Postgraduate
  • Module leader for various modules at both under- and post-graduate levels;
  • Engaging in and contributing to the delivery of modules in Civil Engineering courses, covering Materials and composites; Structural analysis and design; Concrete technology and construction; Computer modelling and visualisation; Computer-aided design and building information modelling (BIM);
  • Supervising undergraduate final year projects;
  • Supervising MSc projects;
  • Developing close international collaborations (course development and student exchanges);

In consultancy / applied research:

  • Further developing and strengthening engagement with industry;
  • Developing applied research projects with industrial collaborators;
  • Providing consultancy in thermal bridging modelling, CE marking conformity assessment under CPR;
  • Product research and development for civil and construction industries through analysis and design of materials and structures, modelling, testing (BS EN ASTM), and training.

Publications

SIERRA F, BAI J, and MAKSOUD T. Impact of the simplification of the methodology used to assess the thermal bridge of the head of an opening. Energy and Buildings, vol.87, 2015, pp.342-347.

GUZEV M, QI C, BAI J, and LI K. Equilibrium equations and boundary conditions of strain gradient theory in arbitrary curvilinear coordinates. Journal of the Mechanical Behaviour of Materials, 23(5-6), 2014, pp.169-176.

QI C, WANG M, BAI J, and LI K. Mechanism underlying dynamic size effect on rock mass strength. International Journal of Impact Engineering, vol.68, 2014, pp.1-7.

BAI J, Ed. Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for structural applications, 2013, Woodhead Publishing Limited: Cambridge. ISBN: 9780857094186, p.928.

BAI J, Chapter 1 Introduction, in Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for structural applications
Bai J, Editor. 2013, Woodhead Publishing Limited: Cambridge.

BAI J and SKIDMORE I, Sustainable use of fly ash in engineering fill applications, in UKIERI Concrete Congress Innovations in Concrete Construction, Dhir R K, Editor. 2013, Dr B R Ambedkar National Institute of Technology: Jalandhar Punjab India.

DHIR R K, MCCARTHY M J, and BAI J. Harnessing fly Ash potential for developing high strength and high durability concrete. Indian Concrete Journal, 2012.

KE G, BAI J, YANG H, and SONG B. Study on enhancing concrete performance under high temperature by using waste glass, in Chinese. Journal of Building Materials, 15(6), 2012, pp. 848-853.

DHIR R K and BAI J, High Volume Fly Ash Concrete: Literature Survey. 2011, UK Quality Ash Association. p. 82.

BAI J and TANN D, Zero Carbon Development for Sustainable Homes in the UK, Keynote, in 3rd International Conference on Contemporary Problems in Architecture and Construction, Song G, Editor. 2011, Institution of Engineering and Technology: Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Beijing, China, 20-24 November 2011. p. 305-312, ISBN: 978-1-84919-506-5.

OTI J E, KINUTHIA J M, BAI J, DELPAK R, et al. Engineering properties of concrete made with slate waste. Proceedings of the ICE – Construction Materials, 163(3), 2010, pp. 131-142.

OTI J E, KINUTHIA J K, and BAI J. Sustainable masonry mortar for brick joint and plaster in the UK. Proceedings of the ICE – Construction Materials, 163(2), 2010, pp. 87-96.

OTI J E, KINUTHIA J, SNELSON D G, and BAI J. Applications of slate waste material in the UK. Proceedings of the ICE – Waste and Resource Management, 163(1), 2010, pp. 9 –15.

OTI J E, KINUTHIA J, and BAI J. Unfired clay masonry bricks incorporating slate waste. proceedings of the ICE – Waste and Resource Management, 163(1), 2010, pp. 17 –27.

OTI J E, KINUTHIA J M, and BAI J. Design thermal values for unfired clay bricks. Materials & Design, 31(1), 2010, pp. 104-112.

KE G, BAI J, TANN D, and ABU-TAIR A. The effect of glass waste on concrete performance under high temperatures. in 2nd International Conference on Waste Engineering and Management. 2010. Shanghai, China: Tongji University.

ABU-TAIR A, BAI J, TANN D, and MACPARLAND C. Modelling deterioration of RC bridges using the factor method. in Structural Faults and Repair – 2010, 13th International Conference. 2010. Edinburgh, Scotland.

KE G, BAI J, and TANN D. A Review on the Reuse of Waste Glasses in the Cement Concrete. Journal of University of South China ( Science and Techno logy), 24(3), 2010, pp. 96-102.

OTI J E, KINUTHIA J M, and BAI J. Compressive strength and microstructural analysis of unfired clay masonry bricks. Engineering Geology, 109(3-4), 2009, pp. 230-240.

OTI J E, KINUTHIA J M, and BAI J. Engineering properties of unfired clay masonry bricks. Engineering Geology, 107(3-4), 2009, pp. 130-139.

OTI J E, KINUTHIA J M, and BAI J. Unfired clay bricks: from laboratory to industrial production. Proceedings of the ICE – Engineering Sustainability, 162(4), 2009, pp. 229 –237.

OTI J E, KINUTHIA J M, and BAI J. Stabilised earth masonry technology incorporating industrial by-product. in The 11th International Conference on Non-Conventional Materials and Technologies, NOCMAT 2009. 2009. Bath, UK: University of Bath.

OTI J E, KINUTHIA J M, and BAI J. Comparison analysis of laboratory and industrial scale unfired clay masonry brick production. in The 4rd Research Student Workshop. 2009. University of Glamorgan.

BAI J and GAILIUS A. Consistency of fly ash and metakaolin concrete. Journal of Civil Engineering and Management, 15(2), 2009, pp. 131-135.

BAI J, Chapter 10 Durability of sustainable concrete materials, in Sustainability of Construction Materials, Khatib J, Editor. 2009, Woodhead Publishing Limited: Cambridge, ISBN: 978-1-84569-349-7.

MOZAFFARI E, KINUTHIA J M, BAI J, and WILD S. An investigation into the strength development of Wastepaper Sludge Ash blended with Ground Granulated Blastfurnace Slag. Cement and Concrete Research, 39(10), 2009, pp. 942-949.

OTI J E, KINUTHIA J M, and BAI J. Using slag for unfired-clay masonry-bricks. Proceedings of the ICE – Construction Materials, 161(4), 2008, pp. 147 –155.

OTI J E, KINUTHIA J M, and BAI J. Developing unfired stabilised building materials in the UK. Proceedings of the ICE – Engineering Sustainability, 161(4), 2008, pp. 211-218.

OTI J E, KINUTHIA J M, and BAI J. Innovative building material: manufactured bricks using by-product of an industrial process. in The 3rd Research Student Workshop. 2008. University of Glamorgan.

OTI J E, KINUTHIA J M, and BAI J. Development of innovative low carbon clay bricks. in The 2nd International Conference on Learning from Earthen Architecture in Climate Change 2008 (Kerpic”08). 2008. Cyprus International University.

OTI J E, KINUTHIA J M, and BAI J. Energy- saving and CO2 emission: How unfired clay-based building materials development in the UK can contribute. in The 1st International Conference on Industrialised, Integrated, Intelligent Construction (I3CON). 2008. Loughborough, UK.

BAI J, WILD S, and KINUTHIA J. Construction of regression models and their use in predicting concrete workability. in The 9th Internal Conference, Building Materials, Structures and Techniques, May 16–18. 2007. Vilnius, Lithuania: Vilnius Technika.

TANN D, DELPAK R, GAILIUS A, and BAI J. Preliminary investigation into use of woodwool and strength development of woodwool-lime based mixtures. in The 9th International Conference, Building Materials, Structures and Techniques, May 16–18. 2007. Vilnius, Lithuania: Vilnius Technika.

OTI J E, KINUTHIA J M, and BAI J. Sustainability: development of unfired clay building materials. in The 2nd Research Student Workshop. 2007. University of Glamorgan.

OTI J E, BAI J, DELPAK R, KINUTHIA J M, et al. A preliminary investigation into tensile strength and elastic modulus of concrete made with slate aggregates. in The 6th Research and Innovation Conference, Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining. 2007. London: IOM Communications Ltd.

OTI J E, BAI J, DELPAK R, KINUTHIA J M, et al. A preliminary investigation into consistency and strength development of concrete with slate aggregates. in The 6th Research and Innovation Conference, Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining. 2007. London: IOM Communications Ltd.

KINUTHIA J M and BAI J. Utilization of ground ceramic metal casting moulds and crucibles in concrete. in 6th ISCC & CANMET/ACI Symposium. 2006. Xi’an, China.

BAI J, KINUTHIA J, and TANN D. Concrete materials research for sustainable development. Concrete, 39(8), 2005, pp. 37-39.

CHAIPANICH A, BAI J, O’FARRELL M, KINUTHIA J M, et al. Setting time and heat of hydration of wastepaper sludge ash–ground granulated blastfurnace slag (WSA–ggbs) blended pastes. in 6th International Congress, Global Construction: Ultimate Concrete Opportunities. 2005. Dundee, Scotland: Thomas Telford.

BAI J, GURAUSKIS J, WILD S, SABIR B B, et al. Investigation into the use of metakaolin as an accelerating admixture for concrete. in The 8th International Conference on Modern Building Materials, Structures and Techniques. 2004. Vilnius, Lithuania: Vilnius Gediminas Technical University.

BAI J, WILD S, and SABIR B B. Strength development of WSAGGBS mortar with admixtures. in The 8th International Conference on Modern Building Materials, Structures and Techniques. 2004. Vilnius, Lithuania: Vilnius Gediminas Technical University.

BAI J, WILD S, and GAILIUS A. Accelerating early strength development of concrete using metakaolin as an admixture. Materials Science/ Medžiagotyra, 10(4), 2004, pp. 338-344.

BAI J, WILD S, WARE J A, and SABIR B B. Using neural networks to predict workability of concrete incorporating metakaolin and fly ash. Advances in Engineering Software, 34(11-12), 2003, p. 663.

BAI J, CHAIPANICH A, KINUTHIA J M, O’FARRELL M, et al. Compressive strength and hydration of wastepaper sludge ash-ground granulated blastfurnace slag blended pastes. Cement and Concrete Research, 33(8), 2003, p. 1189.

BAI J, WILD S, and SABIR B B. Chloride ingress and strength loss in concrete with different PC-PFA-MK binder compositions exposed to synthetic seawater. Cement and Concrete Research, 33(3), 2003, p. 353.

BAI J, WILD S, SABIR B B, MORRIS C W, et al. Concrete Strength Prediction with Neural Networks. in The Seventh International Conference on the Application of Artificial Intelligence to Civil and Structural Engineering. 2003. Egmond-aan-Zee, Netherlands: Civil-Comp Press.

BAI J, WILD S, and SABIR B B. Sorptivity and strength of air-cured and water-cured PC-PFA-MK concrete and the influence of binder composition on carbonation depth. Cement and Concrete Research, 32(11), 2002, p. 1813.

BAI J and WILD S. Investigation of the temperature change and heat evolution of mortar incorporating PFA and metakaolin. Cement and Concrete Composites, 24(2), 2002, p. 201.

BAI J, KINUTHIA J, SABIR B B, and WILD S. Metakaolin – pulverised fuel ash – Portland cement binders and their role in mortar and concrete. in International Congress “Challenges of Concrete Construction”, Conference 1 – Innovations and Developments in Concrete Materials & Construction, Theme 1 – Innovationa and Developments in Concrete Materials and Construction. 2002. University of Dundee: Thomas Telford.

BAI J, CHAIPANICH A, LEWIS M, KINUTHIA J, et al. The development of a low-cost, low-energy cement from waste and its potential application. in 22nd Cement and Concrete Science. 2002. Univerity of Greenwich: Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining.

SABIR B B, WILD S, and BAI J. Metakaolin and calcined clays as pozzolans for concrete: a review. Cement and Concrete Composites, 23(6), 2001, p. 441.

BAI J, WILD S, WARE A, and SABIR B B. Prediction of workability of concrete incorporating metakaolin and PFA using neural networks. in The Sixth International Conference on The Application of Artificial Intelligence to Civil and Structural Engineering. 2001. Vienna: Civil-Comp Press.

BAI J and WILD S. The temperature rise of mortars containing binary and ternary metakaolin, fly ash and Portland cement as binder. in 7th International conference on Modern Building Materials, Structures and Techniques. 2001. Lithuania: Vilnius Technical University.

KINUTHIA J, BAI J, WILD S, and SABIR B B. Thermogravimetric analysis of Portland cement – Metakaolin – PFA blends. in 7th International conference on Modern Building Materials, Structures and Techniques. 2001. Vilnius, Lithuania: Vilnius Technical University.

BAI J, SABIR B B, WILD S, and KINUTHIA J M. Strength development in concrete incorporating PFA and Metakaolin. Magazine of Concrete Research, 52(3), 2000, pp. 153-162.

BAI J, WILD S, SABIR B B, and KINUTHIA J. Workability of concrete incorporating pulverised fuel ash and metakaolin. Magazine of Concrete Research, 51(3), 1999, pp. 207-216.

KINUTHIA J, WILD S, SABIR B B, and BAI J. Self-compensating autogenous shrinkage in Portland cement – metakaolin – fly ash pastes. Advances in Cement Research, 11(4), 1999, p. 1.

BAI J, KINUTHIA J, SABIR B B, and WILD S. PC-MK-PFA concrete: The potential for high performance. in Institute of Materials Cement and Concrete Science Conference. 1999. Keele University: Institute of Materials.

WILD S, SABIR B B, KHATIB J, and BAI J. Tailor made cements from PC-pozzolan blends. in The 6th International Conference “Modern Building Materials, Structures and Techniques". 1999. Vilnius, Lithuania: Vilnius Technical University.

KINUTHIA J, WILD S, SABIR B B, and BAI J. Influence of metakaolin-PFA blends on the chemical shrinkage properties of cement pastes. in Concrete Communication Conference ’99, The 9th BCA Annual Conference on Higher Education and the Concrete Industry, Theme 2: Concrete technology. 1999. Cardiff University: British Cement Association.

Papers published before 1999 are not listed

Memberships

Member of American Concrete Institute (ACI), serving on its Committee 555: Concrete with Recycled Materials; Committee 130: Sustainability of Concrete and Committee 118: Use of Computers.

Fellow of The Higher Education Academy.

Member of Institute of Concrete Technology and Concrete Society (CS), Committee member of Concrete Society Wales, UK

External

International Editorial Board member / Session Chair of the Conference of Artificial Intelligence to Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering.

Organising committee member of UKIERI Concrete Congress Innovations in Concrete Construction, 5 – 8 March 2013 Jalandhar Punjab India.

Technical committee member of Application of Efficient and Renewable Energy Technologies in Low Cost Buildings and Infrastructure RENEWBUILD/ Turkey September 2013.

Regular reviewer for international journals with high impact factors.

Consultancy

As an active researcher, Dr Bai has been greatly involved in applied research and consultancy as well, and closely worked with industry as senior consultant for international, national and local SME companies, recently including British Standards Institution (BSI), CATNIC (TATA Steel), Capita Glamorgan Consultancy Ltd, Structural Systems and Kinda Group, RWE group Aberthaw Power Station and Concrete Products Ltd etc. Over the last two years about £50k income in total has been generated for the University, in addition to his research and teaching.

He has been working closely with numerous funding organisations and industrial partners for applied research projects and technology transfer over the past few years. The key and well-known organisations and companies include:

  • The Welsh Assembly Government; Knowledge Exploitation Fund
  • Building Research Establishment (BRE)
  • BSCA Ltd
  • Catnic, TATA Steel
  • British precast
  • Tarmac
  • Lafarge
  • IMERYS
  • RWE Renewable energy
  • British Cement Association (BCA)
  • Propex

Dr Bai is lead consultant for and on behalf of USW Commercial Services Ltd, NANDO Notified Test Laboratories (Notified Body: NB 1679 (EN 845-2:2013, EN 846-9:2000), National Accreditation Body (NAB): UKAS) for:

  • Steel and concrete lintel testing to BS EN 845 (UKAS, Notified Body)
  • Lintel load bearing capacity modelling
  • Steel lintel thermal bridging
  • Lintel CE marking

Research

Dr Bai specialises in sustainable materials, modelling and structural systems. The key areas of his research lie in:

  • High resource productivity/recyclability/energy efficiency/multi-functionality of materials (Portland and non-Portland cement), particularly those pozzolanic materials derived from waste/recycled products (fly ash, GGBS, metakaolin, waste paper sludge ash, glass waste, municipal solid waste, incinerator bottom ash)
  • Smart/environmentally-adaptable materials
  • Material/structural reliability/durability, applications
  • Design concepts/technologies, carbon reduction, environment adaptation
  • Sustainable repair/strengthening/rehabilitation/maintenance
  • Material and structural systems with high performance decision support systems
  • Modelling of material performance, quality assessment and optimization
  • Thermal bridging of building and zero carbon home

    Grants secured

  • European Social Fund (ESF) in collaboration with CATNIC (TATA Steel), Principal investigator, £135k, 2011 – 2014.
  • European Social Fund (ESF) in collaboration with CATNIC (TATA Steel), Principal investigator, £25k, 2012 – 2013.
  • Strategic Insight Programme (SIP) (Welsh Government) with RWE group, Principal investigator, £2.5k, 2012 – 2013.
  • Strategic Insight Programme (SIP) (Welsh Government) with Concrete Products Ltd, Principal investigator, £2.5k, 2013.
  • Knowledge Exploitation Fund (Welsh Assembly Government) in collaboration with University of Swansea and 5 industrial partners, £125k, 2005 – 2008.
  • University Research Investment Scheme (URIS), Principal investigator, £10k, 2007 – 2008.
  • Strategic Insight Programme (SIP) (Welsh Government) with Affresol Ltd, Principal investigator, £2.5k, 2010 – 2011.
  • Knowledge Exploitation Fund (Welsh Assembly Government), co-investigator, £153k, 2006 – 2009.
  • Veolia Environmental Trust, Support / then Principal investigator, £83k, 2003 – 2007.

    Current PhD and MRes projects

  • Thermal Bridging and its Impact on Energy Performance of Cavity Wall Buildings in the UK, PhD project funded by ESF, My role: Project Manager and Director of Studies.
  • Low Carbon Steel Lintel Product Development and Conformity Assessment for CE Marking under CPR, MRes project funded by ESF, My role: Project Manager and Director of Studies.
  • Sustainable and Reliable Cementitious Material for Oil Well Construction, PhD project, My role: Supervisor.

    MSc projects in 2015

  • Investigations on whether pipes with a large d/t ratio of 50.8 are able to attain their predicted modified plastic moment resistance.
  • Utilisation of supplementary cementitious materials in high performance self-compacting concrete.
  • A high strength self-compacting concrete incorporating WSA and PFA.
  • Can FRP be used as a substitute to steel in crack repairs of concrete/masonry structures?
  • Structural considerations of construction on Mars.
  • Effect of unfitted stiffeners’ small gaps on resistance of the stiffened I steel section.
  • The buckling’s resistance of a steel i-section with partial stiffeners.
  • Experimental investigation into the replacement of fine aggregate with plastic in concrete

  • Selected MSc projects before 2015
  • The Restoration Plan and Engineering Design of the Ynysangharad Locks on the Glamorganshire Canal
  • Structural Design of a Composite Building With Further Study on Fire Protection and Floor Construction Techniques
  • Structural Analysis and Seismic Design of a Reinforced Concrete Bridge
  • Concrete Repair and Enhancement by FRP of a Two Storey Building in Athens
  • Comparison between first order analysis and second order analysis of concrete and steel structures
  • Mechanical properties of concrete containing waste glass aggregate and Fly ash/GGBS as partial replacement of cement
  • The behaviour and effect of chloride ingress, carbonation ingress and freezing-thawing on the durability of the Cutter Soil Mix (CSM)
  • Design of a six-storey reinforced concrete building in a high seismic region (Greece)
  • Design of Innovative Commercial Building with highway passing through
  • Design seismic resistant building by reducing mass and avoiding progressive collapse for floor slabs
  • Strength Development of High Volume Fly Ash Concrete
  • Energy from MSW by Incineration Process and Application of MSWI Residues as a Construction Material
  • Effect of Entranted Voids on Mechanical Properties of Concrete with GGBS
  • Effect of Air Entrained on the Properties of Concrete with PFA
  • Computational Modelling and Analysis of Steel Lintel Beams
  • Capacity Enhancement of Cold-Formed Steel for Construction of Portal Frames
  • The Introduction of Building Information Modelling (BIM) into the Civil Engineering World
  • Performance of R/C flexural Element Using Slate Based Material for Aggregate Replacement
  • Module Design of Environmental Green Building in China
  • A comparative Study of Steel Structure Design to Chinese Steel Structure Design Code and Eurocodes
  • Preliminary Investigation into Use of Woodwool and Strength Development in Lime-Woodwool Mixtures
  • Modelling and Programming Concrete Mix Design
  • Properties of fibre reinforced concrete with recycled aggregates

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