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Prof David Pickernell known as Professor David Pickernell

David pickernell 1x1 6096

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BSc. Econ Cardiff University
Ph.D. (Econ) Cardiff University


Main research areas include : Foreign Direct Investment and Local-Global interactions, Economic Integration, Clusters and Networks, Regional Economic Development Policy, Construction, Universities and economic development, innovation, festivals and events in social enterprise and capital building, socio-economic effects of gambling, Enterprise and Entrepreneurship.


  • 1994-2000: Lecturer, University of Glamorgan,
  • 2000-2001: Senior Lecturer, University of Glamorgan
  • 2001-2004: Principal Lecturer, University of Glamorgan
  • 2004-Present: Reader, University of Glamorgan
  • 2008-2011: Director Welsh Enterprise Institute
  • 2009-Present: Professor in Economic Development Policy, University of Glamorgan
    2011-2012 : Co-Director Centre for Enterprise
    2012-Present Director Centre for Enterprise


I am currently Director of the Centre for Enterprise, and sit on the Faculty’s Research committee. I am module leader for the final year undergraduate module Regional Development and Entrepreneurship and the postgraduate module Economies, Markets and Strategic Decisions in International Contexts


“Less Pain but what gain ? : A comparison of the effectiveness and effects of Japanese and non Japanese car assemblers’ buyer-supplier relations in the UK automotive industry” (1997) in Omega, Volume 25, Issue 4, August, pp 377-395 (Ed. Mitchell, G., Pergamon Press : London, ISSN 0305-0483)

“Structural Change and the Single Market Programme : The Case of the UK Automotive Component Industry” (1998) in European Planning Studies, Volume 6, No 2, pp. 165-186 (Ed. Cooke, P., Carfax Publishing, Abingdon, ISSN 0965-4313)

“FDI in the UK Car Component Industry: Recent Causes and Consequences” (1998) in TESG, Volume 89, No. 3, pp. 239-252 (Ed. van Oort, G, KNAG : Utrecht, ISSN 0040-747X)

“Reviving the Valleys of South Wales : Case Study Evidence of a link with low pay” (1998) in European Urban and Regional Studies, Volume 5, No 3, pp. 277-281 (Ed. Sadler, D., SAGE : London, ISSN 0969 7764) (with Brooksbank, D.J., and Morse, L.L.)

“Regional Competitiveness Indicators : A reassessment of method” (1999) in Local Economy, Volume 13, No 4 pp.310-326 (Ed. Geddes, M., Pitman Publishing, London, ISSN 0269-0942) (with Brooksbank, D.J.)

“Inward Investment, Diffusion of Knowledge and New Working Practices : Recent Experiences in the Welsh Automotive Components and Electronics Clusters” (1999) in Local Economy, Volume 14 No 2 pp144-160 (Ed. Geddes, M., Pitman Publishing, London ISSN 0269-0942)

“Succeeding in the post BSE UK meat, poultry and cheese processing and packaging industries” (1999) in British Food Journal, Volume 101, No 1 pp. 32-43 (Ed. Henson, S., Jukes, D.,MCB University Publishing, Bradford, ISSN 0007-070X) (with Hermyt, J.)

“Asian Economic Problems and Prospects for Foreign Direct Investment: Local Evidence from the UK (2000) in Review of Urban and Regional Development Studies, Volume 12, No 1 pp. 17-35. (Ed. Sakashita, N., Blackwell Publishers, Oxford, ISSN 0917-0553) (with Munday, M., and Roberts, A.)

“The End of the Beginning ? : Welsh Regional policy and Objective One” (2001) in European Planning Studies, Vol 9, No 2 pp. 255-274 ((Ed. Cooke, P., Taylor & Francis Ltd., London, ISSN : 0965-4313) (with Brooksbank, D., Clifton, N., and Jones-Evans, D.,)

“Changing the Name of the Game ? : RSA, Indigenous and Inward Investors, and the National Assembly for Wales”(2001) in Regional Studies, Vol 35 No 3 pp.271-277 (Ed. Dunford, M., Carfax, Basingstoke, ISSN : 0034-3404) (with Brooksbank, D.,) )

“Regional Policy and Local Governance Issues : Some Welsh Perspectives” (2001) in Policy Studies, Vol 22, No 1 (March), pp. 51-60 (Ed. Skea, J., Carfax, Basingstoke, ISSN : 0144-2872 (with Munday, M., and Roberts, A.,))

“Avoiding the “Begging Bowl meets Baseball Bat Scenario : Some Notes on The Barnett Formula, Devolution and the Australian Fiscal Model” (2002) in Regional Studies, Vol 36, No 6 (August) pp. 703-707 (Ed. Dunford, M. Carfax, Abingdon, ISSN: 0034-3404 (with McGovern, M.))

“The Automotive and Electronics Industries : Processes and Management of Change” (2002) in International Journal of Management and Decision Making, Vol 3, No 1, pp. 35-51. (Ed. Dorgham, M.A. Inderscience, Olney, ISSN: 1462-4621 (with Clifton, N.C., Hopkins, A., and Jones, P.))

Farmers Markets in Wales : Making the Net Work ?” (2004) in British Food Journal, Vol 106, N0 3, pp. 194-210 ((Ed. Griffiths, C, Emerald Group Publishing Ltd ISSN : 0007-070-X) (with Thomas, B., Christie, M., Rowe, P., Putterrill, L. and Griffiths, J.L.)

“Building for the future : the potential importance of the construction industry in Welsh economic development policy” (2004) in Construction Management and Economics, Vol 22 No 5 p.533-540 ( ISSN : 1466-433X) (with Chris Miller, Gary Packham and Mark McGovern)

“We all Stand Together : Using Cluster Associations to create World Wide Presence for SMEs” (2004) in International Journal of Management Decision Making, Vol 5, No1 pp. 35-46 (Ed. Dorgham, M.A. Inderscience, Olney, ISSN: 1462-4621) (with Michael Christie, Pat Rowe, Laura Parsons).

“Gambling as a Base for Hypothecated Taxation: The UK’s National Lottery and Electronic Gaming Machines in Queensland Australia” (2004) in Public Money and Management Vol 24, No 3 pp. 167-174. (Ed Gray, A., Blackwell Publishing ISSN : 0954 0962) (with Kerry Brown, Andrew Worthington, Mary Crawford )

“Building for the Future : Housing, Financial Services and the Welsh Economy” (2004) in Local Economy, Vol 19, No 3, pp. 212-225. (ISSN: 0269-0942) (with Max Munday and Annette Roberts

“Fair Division or Fair Dinkum ? Australian lessons for intergovernmental fiscal relations in the UK” (2005) Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Vol 23 (No 2), pp.247-261 (Ed, Bennett, R.J., Pion Publishing, ISSN: 0263-774X) (with Gill Bristow, Adrian Kay, and Mark McGovern)

Developing a framework for network and cluster identification for use in economic development policymaking (2007) Entrepreneurship and Regional Development (David Pickernell, David Brooksbank, Michael Christie and Patricia Rowe)

NEGOTIATING AN EXCEPTION: Glas Cymru and the Politics of Regulatory Discretion in the England and Wales Water Industry (2007)Vol 28 (2), 175-191 Policy Studies (Adrian Kay, David Pickernell, David Brooksbank, and Badrul Kasim)

University Challenge? Innovation Policy and SMEs in Welsh Economic Development Policy: Towards a New Framework" (2008) in International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, 9 (1) 51-62. (with Gary Packham, Brychan Thomas and Robyn Keast).

The Primacy of Politics: Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations in the UK and Australia (2008) in Public Money and Management, 28 (2) 115-122.(with Adrian Kay, Gill Bristow and Neal Ryan)

Pickernell, D., Clifton, N. and Senyard, J., (2009) Think Global, Act Local ? Universities, SMEs, and Innovation Frameworks (with Nick Clifton and Julienne Senyard) (2009) Industry and Higher Education, 23 (2) 79-89 (Ed. J Edmondson ISSN 0950-4222) ( (ABS 1)

The Emergence and Performance of the Bond Funded Water Company Model in the UK: The Case of Glas Cymru," (2009) Brooksbank, D.J., Pickernell, D.G, Kay, A. and Kassim, B., Competition and Regulation in Network Industries, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp211-234.

An Analysis of Actual and Potential Clustering Structures, Stakeholder Governance Activities, and Cross-Locality Linkages in the Welsh Aerospace Industry” (2011), European Planning Studies forthcoming, Vol 19 (2) 279-309 (with Nick Clifton, Rhys David and Oliver Ehret) (ABS2)

Attitudes towards entrepreneurship education: a comparative analysis (2011) Education and Training, 52 (8) 568-586 (with Packham, G. Jones, P., Miller, C., Pickernell, D., and Thomas, B) (ABS1)

Clifton, N., Keast, R. ., Pickernell, D., and Senior, M., (2010) Network Structure, Knowledge Governance and Firm Performance: Evidence from Innovation Networks and SMEs in the UK, Growth and Change Volume 41 (3): 337-373.

Small and medium sized enterprises and knowledge networks: an initial analysis of the roles of external supporting organizations, International Journal of Strategic Business Alliances, Vol2 No 1 / 2 (2011) pp. 113–134. (Clifton N., Pickernell, D. and Senior, M).

David Pickernell, Gary Packham, David Brooksbank and Paul Jones (2010) A recipe for what? UK universities, enterprise and knowledge transfer. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Vol 11 No 4, pp. 265–272. (ABS2)

Gary Packham, David Pickernell and David Brooksbank (2010) The changing role of universities in knowledge generation, dissemination and commercialization, International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Vol 11 No 4, pp. 261–263. (ABS2)

Small and medium sized enterprises and knowledge networks: an initial analysis of the roles of external supporting organizations, International Journal of Strategic Business Alliances, Vol2 No 1 / 2 (2011) pp. 113–134. (Clifton N., Pickernell, D. and Senior, M).

Pickernell, D., Packham, G. Jones, P., and Miller, C. (2011): graduate entrepreneurs are different: they have more knowledge? In International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and research, Vol 17(2) 183-202

Pickernell, D., Kay, A., Packham, G. and Miller, C (2011) Competing agendas in public procurement: an empirical analysis of opportunities and limits in the UK for SMEs, in Environment and Planning C, 29 (4) 641-658 (ABS 3)

Acs, Z, Brooksbank, D. O’Gorman, C., Pickernell, D., and Terjesen, S., (2012) THE KNOWLEDGE SPILLOVER THEORY OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP:AN APPLICATION TO FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT in International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 15 (2) 237-261 (ERA C)

Jones, W.P. Packham, G., Pickernell, D., Miller, Jones, A., (2011) Attitudes and motivations of Polish students towards entrepreneurial activity in Education and Training, 53 (5) 416-432 (ABS1) (ERA A*)

Paul Jones, Gary Packham, Paul Beynon-Davies, David Pickernell (2011) False promises: e-business deployment in Wales’ SME community Journal of Systems and Information Technology Volume: 13 Issue: 2 63-178 (ERA C)

Crawley, A and Pickernell D, (2012) An Appraisal of the European Cluster Observatory, European Urban and Regional Studies, 19 (2), 207-211 (ABS 3)

Jones, P., and Miller, C, Pickernell, D., Packham, G., (2011) The role of education, training and skills development in social inclusion: The University of the Heads of the Valley Case study, Education and Training 53 (7) 638-651 (ABS 1)


Clifton, N., O’Sullivan, D., and Pickernell, D., (2012 in press) ‘Capacity-building, culture, and the contribution of public festivals: evaluating ‘Cardiff 2005’’, Event Management: an international journal, Vol.16 (1) 77-91. (ERA B)

Pickernell, D., Senyard, J., Jones, P., Packham, G. and Ramsey, E. (2013) New and young firms Entrepreneurship policy and the role of government – evidence from the Federation of Small Businesses survey, Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 20(2): 358-382 (ABS 2)

Jones, P., Beynon, M. J., Pickernell, D, and Packham, G. (2013) Evaluating the impact of different training methods on SME business performance, Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 31(1): 56-81 doi: 10.1068/c12113b71.

David Pickernell, Kerry Brown, Robyn Keast, Chris Miller, Nina Yousefpour Gambling Revenues as a Public Administration Issue: Electronic Gaming Machines in Victoria, Australia (2013) Journal of Gambling Studies, 29 (4), 689-701 (ERA C)).

David Pickernell, Kerry Brown, Robyn Keast, Chris Miller, Nina Yousefpour Taking the Gamble: Local and Regional Policy issues of access to electronic gaming machines (EGMs): a case study of Victoria, Australia (2013) Australasian Journal of Regional Studies, 19 (2) 274-294

D Pickernell, P Jones, G Packham, B Thomas, G White, R Willis (2013) E-commerce trading activity and the SME sector: an FSB perspective, Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development 20 (4), 866-888 (ABS2).

Jones, P., Packham, G., Beynon-Davies, P., Simmons, G. and Pickernell, D. (2014) An Exploration of the Attitudes and Strategic Responses of Sole-Proprietor Micro-Enterprises in Adopting ICT, International Small Business Journal, 32(3): 285–306. DOI: 10.1177/0266242612461802 (ABS 3)

Beynon, M. J., Jones, P., Pickernell, D. and Packham, G. (2014) Investigating the impact of training influence on employee retention in small and medium enterprises: a regression-type classification and ranking believe simplex analysis on sparse data, Expert Systems, Article first published online: 12 FEB 2014 | DOI: 10.1111/exsy.12067 (ABS2).

Jones WP, Scherle J, Pickernell D, Packham G, Skinner H & Peisl T 2014 ‘Fool’s gold? The value of business awards to small businesses’ International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation 15 (2) 89-100 (ABS 2)

Beynon, M. J., Jones, P., Pickernell, D. and Packham, G. (2014) “Investigating the Motivation for Enterprise Education: a CaRBS based Exposition” in its current form for publication in International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, 20 (6) 584-612 (ABS 2)

Pickernell, D., Atkinson, C., and Miller C., (2015) Government SME intervention policy: perception is 9/10ths of the truth?, Environment and Planning C , 33 (1) 4-8 (ABS 3)

Beynon, M., Jones, P., Pickernell, D. and Packham, G. (2015) A NCaRBS Analysis of SME Intended Innovation: Learning about the Don’t Knows, Omega, 59(Part A): 97–112 (ABS3)

Pickernell, D., Jones, P., Thompson, p., and Packham, G. (2016) Determinants of SME Exporting: Insights and Implications, International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, 17 (1) 31-42. (ABS 2)(ABDC: C)

Bakos, A., Miller, C., Packham, G., Pickernell, D. and Thomas, B., (2016) Internal Electronic Information as a Competitiveness‐Enhancing Resource in German Automotive Industry Suppliers. Strategic Change, 25(1), pp.61-80 (ABS 2) (ABDC: C)

Beynon, M.J., Jones, P. and Pickernell, D. (2016) Country-based comparison analysis using fsQCA investigating entrepreneurial attitudes and activity, Journal of Business Research, 69(4): 1271-1276, doi:10.1016/j.jbusres.2015.10.091 (ABS3) (ABDC A)


  • Higher Education Academy
  • Regional Studies Association
  • Institute for Enterprise and Entrepreneurs


  • Visiting Professor-Plymouth Business School-University of Plymouth, and International Centre for Transformational Entrepreneurship, Coventry University
  • Refereed journal articles for Omega (International Journal of Management Science); Local Economy; Enterprise and Innovation Management Studies, British Food Journal, Construction Management and Economics, International Journal of Technology Management, Internmational Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Public Administration, and special issues of Environment and Planning C and Journal of World Business.
  • Track Leader at 29th ISBE (Institute for Small Business and Enterprise) Conference : Innovation, clusters, supply chains and networks.
  • Won the Danish Academy of Business Research (DEA) Best Paper Award 2009 at the 3rd Annual Copenhagen Conference on Partnership for a paper entitled “Network structure, knowledge governance and firm performance: Evidence from Innovation networks and SMEs in the UK”. (with Nick Clifton from UWIC and Martyn Senior from Cardiff Uni)
  • Co-Editor of Special edition of International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation (on Universities) 2010.
  • Chair of ISBE Conference (Cardiff, 2013)


1. ERNST AND YOUNG, (1997), The Single Market Review Series : Impact on Manufacturing : Motor Vehicles, London : Kogan Page and the Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. with CAIR and Ernst and Young

2. Assessing the Scope and Effectiveness of government assistance to companies in Wales (1999). Report prepared for the Welsh Development Agency

3. Assessing Cluster Policy in the UK (2000) Assessment prepared for WDA

4. The effects of housing and housing-related finance on the Welsh economy (2002) for Council of Mortgage Lenders (with members of the Welsh Economy Research Unit, Cardiff Business School)

5. Cost Benefit Analysis of Job Broking within the New Deal for Disabled People (2003) for Shaw Trust

6. ABP Ports (2004) (with Max Munday and Annette Roberts of WERU, Cardiff Business School).

7. CIT Project (2005) (£23,000 with Dr. Chris Miller, Dr. Gary Packham and Dr. Brychan Thomas)

8. Cardiff 2005 Evaluation (2006-2007) (with Dr. Nick Clifton and Diane O’ Sullivan)

9. Federation of Small Business Bi-Annual Survey (2007-2008) (with David Brooksbank, Gary Packham, Chris Miller, Piers Thompson, Ossie Jones, David Smallbone)

10. OECD (2008) Review of Business Productivity Policy in Wales

11. A4B (2009-2011) Engaging Business Angels in University IP Opportunities (IPOP) (with Gary Packham, Simon Mccarthy, Nigel Woodruff)

12. Australian Homelessness Study (2010-2011) with Kerry Brown, Robyn Keast and Jenny Waterhouse.

13. Australian Airports Project (2010-2011) with Andrew Crawley.

14. A scoping study of the Potential Costs, Benefits and Activities related to the Enterprise zone and Ebbw Vale Motorsport Project for Blaenau Gwent Unitary Authority

15. Auditing the Cardiff City Region Economy: A Clusters-Based Approach for South East Wales Directors of Environment and Regeneration (2013-14) (with Nick Clifton, Andrew Crawley, Chris Miller, Andrew Thomas)

16. Opportunities for establishing a Small Business Administration for Wales, for FSB Wales (2014-2015): (with Nick Clifton, David Brooksbank, Celia Netana)


1. The socio-economic impacts of gaming machines in poor areas – a model of understanding ‘community harm and benefit’ (2003) for Gambling Policy Directorate, Queensland Government (with Dr Kerry Brown, Ms Mary Crawford, and Dr Andrew Worthington from Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia).

2. Auditing Welsh Industry: A Clusters Based Approach, for Welsh Assembly Government Small Grants Programme (2005) (with Dr. Nick Clifton(Cardiff University) and Rhys David (Institute of Welsh Affairs)

3. Auditing Welsh Industry : Further iteration: case Study Aerospace, (2006-7) for Welsh Assembly Government Small Grants Programme (with Dr. Nick Clifton(Cardiff University), Dr. Oliver Ehret (Cardiff University) and Rhys David (Institute of Welsh Affairs)

4. Welsh Assembly Government Economic Research Grant (2007-2008) : New insights into the contribution of entrepreneurship around festivals and special events to the economy of Wales (with Diane O’Sullivan, Julienne Senyard, Robyn Keast and Steve Hill)

5. A4B (2009-2011) Engaging Business Angels in University IP Opportunities :feasability and pilot study (with Gary Packham and Simon McCarthy)

6.Socio-Economic impacts of access to EGMs in Victoria:Effects on demand and communities (final report 2011) for Victorian Government (with Kerry Brown, Robyn Keast, Mark McGovern)

7. Ready or Not? Considerations for the Qld housing service system Research Report: Housing Readiness (final report 2011) for Queensland Government (with Kerry Brown, Robyn Keast, Jennifer Waterhouse)

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