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Qualifications

Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (2013)

Doctor of Philosophy: 2004, Hertfordshire University, supervised by Gavin Bryars: ‘The Assimilation of Jazz Aesthetics in the Work of Post 1970s Electric Guitarist Composers’

LLCM (TD): 1994. Licentiate of the London College of Music (Teacher’s Diploma)

BA (hons) Music (2.1): 1993. Middlesex University

About

Paul Carr is Reader in Popular Music Analysis at the University of South Wales’ ATRiuM campus. Prior to moving into academia full time he was an established musician, recording with artists such as James Taylor Quartet (Get Organised 1989), The Jazz Renegades (Freedom Samba 1990) and legendary American Jazz saxophonist Bob Berg (A Certain Kind Of Freedom 1990). His research interests are varied, with subject areas ranging from the impact of electric guitarists on the jazz canon (Cambridge University Press 2008), pedagogical frameworks for work based learning (Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education 2010), and widening participation activities (Beacons For Public Engagement 2009). Much of his recent work has focused on Frank Zappa, with publications ranging from Zappas interface with Musical Theatre (Studies in Musical Theatre 2007), musical gesture (Popular Music Online 2008), tribute artists (Contemporary Theatre Review 2011) and Sex (Beitraege zur Popularmusikforschung 2010). His edited collection, Frank Zappa and the And was published by Ashgate in 2013. He also occasionally works as a forensic musicologist for major record companies, and is currently working on a monograph on Sting (Reaktion 2016)

Publications

JOURNAL ARTICLES
Carr, P (2014). ‘The Live Music Industry in Wales: The Sustainability and Working Practices of a Nation’, Civilizations (13): The State of Music Industry, pp. 201-220.

Carr, P, Hand, R.J (2012). ‘Songs, Stars and Soundtracks: British Cinema and Rock Music’ (in Spanish), L’Atalante. Revista De Estudios Cinematográficos, no14, July – December 2012, pp. 20 – 27.

Carr, P (2011). ‘An Autocratic Approach to Music Copyright?: The potential negative impacts of restrictive rights on a composers legacy: The case of the Zappa Family Trust’, Contemporary Theatre Review (21/3), pp. 302–316.

Carr, P (2010). ‘National Identity Versus Commerce: An Analysis of Opportunities and Limitations with the Welsh Music Scene for Composers and Performing Musicians’, Popular Music History (5/3), pp. 265–285.

Carr, P (2010). ‘Researching the Development of a Foundation Degree in Musical Instrument Retail Management: A Case Study Partnership between Glamorgan University and Roland UK’, Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education (2/1), pp. 34-46.

Carr, P., Hand, R.J. (2008). ‘Twist n frugg in an arrogant gesture: Frank Zappa and the Musical-Theatrical Gesture’, Popular Musicology Online (March 2008): http://www.popular-musicology-online.com/issues/05/carr.html

Carr, P., Hand, R.J. (2007). ‘Frank Zappa and musical Theatre: ugly ugly orphan Annie and really deep intense, thought-provoking Broadway symbolism’, Studies in Musical Theatre, Intellect (1/1), pp. 41–56.

BOOK CHAPTERS
Carr, P (2016). ‘The Impact of Virtuality in the Creation and Reception of the Music of Frank Zappa, in Sheila Whitely and Shara Ramarran (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Music and Virtuality, pp. 81 – 94.

Carr, P (2016). Final Thoughts on Musical Virtuality’, in Sheila Whitely and Shara Ramarran (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Music and Virtuality, pp. 613 – 625.

Carr, P, Challis, B (2015). ‘Quand l’impossible devient réel : typologie des boucles, impact de l’immédiat et de l’hypermédia sur la pop music’ (‘The Impossible Made Real: A Typology of Loops and an exploration of the impact of immediacy and hypermediacy in Popular Music’). Book Chapter in in Livo Bettoi, Michel Delville, Chrostophe Levaux, Christophe Pirenne, Bouchle et Repetition: musique, literature, arts visuels. Collection Clinamen, pp. 85-102 (in French).

Carr, P (2014). ‘The Big Note, Xenochrony and all Things Contextual, in, Nearchos Panos et al. (eds), Proceedings of the International Conference on Music Semiotics: In Memory of Raymond Monelle, The University of Edinburgh, pp. 455-463. ISBN: 978-0-9576548-0-8 (Available at http://sites.ace.ed.ac.uk/edmusemiotics/proceedings/)

Carr,P (2014). ‘Zappanale: My Kind of Music Festival’, in Dieter Jakob, Robert Riedt, Bukhard Schempp (eds), We Are the Other People: 25 Years of Zappanale, Wehrhahn Verlag, pp. 280-283.

Carr, P, Hand, R.J (2013). ‘Ensemble/Improvisation; Drama/Music: An Experiment in Drama/Music Interdisciplinarity’, in John Britton (ed.), Encountering Ensemble, Methuen (UK) /Bloomsbury (US), pp. 170-171.

Carr, P (2013). ‘The Big Note, Xenochrony and All Things Contextual: Frank Zappa and the And’. Book chapter in Paul Carr (ed.), Frank Zappa and the And: Key Essays on the Contextualisation of his Legacy. Ashgate, 2013.

SeeAshgate

Carr, P (2013). ‘Zappa and Technology: His incorporation of Time, Space and Place when Performing, Composing and Arranging Music’. Book chapter in Paul Carr (ed.), Frank Zappa and the And: Key Essays on the Contextualisation of his Legacy. Ashgate, 2013.

SeeAshgate

Carr, P (2010). ‘Make a Sex Noise Here: Frank Zappa, Sex and Popular Music’. Book chapter in Helms, D, Phelps, T (eds), Thema Nr. 1: Sex Und Populäre Musik. Transcript. pp.135-149.

Carr, P (2009). ‘An Analysis of Post 1970s Electric Guitarists who have Fused the Jazz Aesthetic with Other Music Forms’. Book chapter in Kurkela, V, Vakeva, L (eds), De Canonizing Music History. Cambridge University Press, pp. 83–93.

EDITED BOOKS
Carr, P (2013). Frank Zappa and the And: A Contextual Analysis of his legacy, Ashgate 2013. See http://www.ashgate.com/isbn/9781409433378

MONOGRAPHS
Magnetic North (2016): Sting, Place and Identity, Reverb. Forthcoming

INDUSTRY REPORTS
Carr, P, Dennis, R, Hand, R (2014). ‘Dancing With Inter-disciplinarity: Strategies and Practices in HE Dance, Drama And Music, The Higher Education Academy. Available at https://www.heacademy.ac.uk/node/10127 [accessed 17/10/14].

Carr, P (2012). ‘The Relationships Between Higher Education and the Live Music Industry’, The Higher Education Academy, Available at http://www.heacademy.ac.uk/assets/documents/disciplines/ddm/HEADDM-Carr%282012%29PlayingWales.pdf [Accessed 18 July 2012].

Carr, P, Hand, R.J (2012). ‘An Experiment in Interdisciplinary Teaching: The Music Theatre of Frank Zappa’, in David Pearson (ed.), A Celebration of Dance, Drama and Music in UK Higher Education, The Higher Education Academy, Available at http://www.heacademy.ac.uk/resources/detail/disciplines/dance-drama-music/The-PALATINE-Collection-Aug2012

Carr, P (2011). ‘Investigating the Live Music Industry within Wales: A Critical Analysis: A Report For The Welsh Music Foundation’ ,Welsh Music Foundation: Available at http://crocodoc.com/YIqOZCR

OTHER PUBLICATIONS
Carr, P (2016). ‘David Bowie Tribute’, Wales Arts Review. Available at: http://www.walesartsreview.org/david-bowie-a-tribute/ [assessed 17 February 2016].

Carr, P (2016). An Oral History of Popular Music in Merthyr Tydfil: The Formation of a Digital Archive (Part 2), The Merthyr Tydfil Times, September 2016, p. 26 [see http://tmtt.wales/tmtt_002.htm ].

Carr, P (2016). An Oral History of Popular Music in Merthyr Tydfil: The Formation of a Digital Archive (Part 1), The Merthyr Tydfil Times, August 2016, p. 14 [see http://tmtt.wales/tmtt_002.htm ].

Carr, P (2016). ‘An Oral History of Popular Music in Merthyr Tydfil, 1955-1975: Available at: http://louderthanwar.com/an-oral-history-of-popular-music-in-merthyr-tydfil-1955-1970/ [Accessed 16 September 2016].

Carr, P (2010). ‘Frank Zappa Tribute’. The Rondo Hatton Report (4): Available at: http://www.rhreport.net/archive.html [Accessed 18 July 2012].

Carr, P (2009). ‘An Autocratic Approach to Music Copyright? The means through which Frank Zappa translated and adapted both his own and other composers music’. Encontros de Investigao em Performance. Universidade de Aveiro. ISBN: 978-972-789-209-7 (Conference Proceedings)

Carr, P., Delville, M (2009). ‘King Kong: A Conversational Analysis’. The Rondo Hatton Report (1): http://www.rhreport.net/archive.html [Accessed 18 July 2012].

Carr, P., Hand, R (2006). ‘An Experiment in Interdisciplinary Teaching: The Music Theatre of Frank Zappa’. Palatine: http://www.lancs.ac.uk/palatine/dev-awards/carr-hand-report.pdf [Accessed 18 July 2012].

Carr, P. (2011) Investigating the Live Music Industry within Wales: A Critical Analysis. A Report For The Welsh Music Foundation.

TRANSCRIPTION PUBLICATIONS
Carr, P (2007). ‘50 Reggae Hits For Buskers’, Wise Publications, IBSN 978-1-84609-742-3.

Carr, P (2005). ‘The Big Guitar Chord Songbook: The Fifties’, Wise Publications, ISBN 0-7119-4050-9.

Carr, P (2006). ‘The Big Guitar Chord Songbook: More Seventies Hits’, Wise Publications, ISBN 0-7119-4048-7.

Carr, P (2004). ‘The Big Brit Pop Chord Songbook’, Wise Publications, ISBN 1844490920.

Carr, P (2004). ‘The Best of Fleetwood Mac Chord Songbook’, Wise Publications. ISBN 0711998817

Carr, P (2004).’The Classic Rock Songbook, Wise Publications,1-84449-477-2.

Carr, P (2004). ‘The Essential Acoustic Album’, Wise Publications, ISBN 0711934010.

SELECTED INTERNATIONAL ALBUM CREDITS
James Taylor Quartet (2002). Hamondology, Sanctuary Records, SANDD099.

James Taylor Quartet (1995). The BBC Sessions, Nighttracks, CDNT010.

The Paul Carr Quartet (Featuring Bob Berg) (1989). A Certain Kind Of Freedom, Polydor, 841 923-2.

The Jazz Renegades (1989). Freedom Samba, Polydor Records, 839 651-1.

James Taylor Quartet (1989) It Doesnt Matter. Urban Urbx 43

James Taylor Quartet (1989). Acid Jazz and Other Illicit Grooves. Urban 837925-2

James Taylor Quartet (1989). Breakout, Urban Urbcd, 38.

James Taylor Quartet (1988). Get Organised, Verve, 839405-2.

INDEPENDENT RELEASES
Paul Carr (2005). Walking Distance, Independent Release.

Paul Carr (2000). Transformation, Independent Release.

COMPOSITION COMMISSIONS
Carr, P (2007). Selected compositions for world premier of Victor Hugos Lucretia Borgia, Highgate, London, 2007.

Carr, P (2007). ‘Gabriela’, Performed at Piaculum. Improvisation Continuums: theorising practice across disciplines. Cardiff School of Creative and Cultural Industries. April 2007.

Carr, P (2007). ‘Well I Never’, Compositions for interdisciplinary art instillation, Pontypridd, August 2007: http://www.wellinever.org/ [Accessed 18 July 2012].

Carr, P (2006). ‘Ionclean Soundtrack’, composed for Art station advertising company.

Carr, P (2006). ‘The Horse Whisperer’, Dark Horse Media, 2006.

Carr, P (2004). ‘The A to Z of Food’. Dark Horse Media.

RECENT CONFERENCE PRESENTATIONS
Carr, P. ‘How Do Musical Memories, Mediated Through Technologies, Impact Identity and Nostalgia?: The Heritage of Live Popular Music Making in Merthyr Tydfil 1955 to the Mid 1970s’, 6th European Communications Conference: Mediated [Di]scontinuities: Contesting Pasts, Presents and Futures, Charles University, Prague, November 2016.

Carr, P. ‘Frank Zappa and Virtuality’, The University of Sussex, IASPM bi-annual conference, Brighton UK, September 2016

Carr, P. ‘Matching Mole, Progressive Style, Genre and Protest’, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, May 2016.

Carr, P. ‘Sting and the Protest Song, Songs of Social Protest, University of Limerick, Ireland, April, 2015.

Carr, P. ‘Sting, National Identity, Personae and the Balance of the Local and Global, The Languages of Popular Music: Communicating Regional Musics in a Globalized World, University of Osnabrück, Germany, September, 2014.

Carr, P. ‘Sting and the Gravitational Pull of Newcastle’, International Conference on Traditional Music: Music, Place and Community, University of Galway, Ireland, February 2014.

Carr, P. ‘The Big Note, Xenochrony and All Things Contextual: Frank Zappa and the And’, International Conference on Music Semiotics in Memory of Raymond Monelle, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, October 2012.

Carr, P. ‘The Relationships Between Higher Education and the Live Music Industry’, 21st Century Musician Conference, The University of Kingston, Kingston, London, May 2012.

Carr, P. ‘The Relationships Between Higher Education and the Live Music Industry’, Live Music Exchange, Interesting Times For Local Live Music Conference, Leeds College of Music, Leeds, May 2012.

Investigating The Live Music In Wales: A Critical Analysis. Interim findings of a research project financed by the Welsh Assembly Government. The Business of Live Music Conference, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, April 2011.

The Impossible Made Real: A Typology of Loops and an exploration of the impact of immediacy and hypermediacy in Popular Music.Boucle et répétition:Musique, littérature, arts visuels, Université de Liège,Liège, March 2011.

Fair Use, Grand Rights and the Zappa Family Trust: A legal and ethical examination of the enforcement of restrictive rights by a copyright holder. The IASPM-Norden 2010 Conference on MUSIC, LAW AND BUSINESS. Helsinki, November 2010.

A Phenomenological Analysis Of Musical Engagement When Recording, Performing and Rehearsing With The James Taylor Quartet. Biannual Conference Of The International Association Of Popular Music. Cardiff University, Cardiff. September 2010.

Dickies Such An Asshole: Frank Zappa, Popular Music and Politics. 20th Century Music and Politics Conference. Bristol University. Bristol. April 2010.

An Emic and Etic Analysis Of The Impact Of Creative Listening When Recording And Performing With The James Taylor Quartet. International Conference on Traditional Music, University of Limerick. Ireland. February 2010.

The Big Note: The Ultimate Gesture: The incorporation of time and space in performing, composing, arranging and producing Frank Zappas music. The Fifth Annual Art of Record Production Conference. University of Glamorgan, Cardiff. November 2009.

Make a Sex Noise Here: Frank Zappa, Sex and Popular Music. Sex und populre Musik. Halle an der Saale, Germany. September 2009.

An Autocratic Approach to Music Copyright?: The means through which Frank Zappa translated and adapted both his own and other composers music. Performa 09 Encontros de Investigao em Performance. University of Evora, Portugal. May 2009

No one had ever heard a guitar played like that before: The assimilation of jazz aesthetics in the work of post 1970s electric guitarist composers. De-Canonizing Music History: International Symposium For Histories of Popular Music, Jazz, and Folk Music. Helsinki Sibelius Academy. November 2007

Piaculum. Improvisation Continuums: theorising practice across disciplines. Cardiff School of Creative and Cultural Industries. April 2007

Stuff That Is Not Normal: Frank Zappa, Halloween and Horror. Halloween: An International Conference. Glasgow Caledonian University. October-November 2006

Twist n frugg in an arrogant gesture: Frank Zappa and the musical-theatrical gesture. Second International Conference on Music and Gesture. Royal Northern College of Music and Drama, July 2006

Ugly Orphan Annie and Really Deep, Intense, Thought-Provoking Broadway Symbolism. Song, Stage & Screen Interdisciplinary approaches to the stage and Screen. University of Portsmouth, April 2006

An analysis of post 1970s electric guitarists who have fused the jazz aesthetic with other music forms. Inscriptions in the Sand: The Eighth Literature and Humanities Conference. Eastern Mediterranean University, Cyprus, May, 2005

RECENT GUEST LECTURES AND WORKSHOPS
Carr, P. ‘Popular Music in Merthyr Tydfil 1955 – 1975: The formation of a digital archive’, Workers Education Association, Theatre Soar, Merthyr Tydfil, November 2016.

Carr, P. ‘Popular Music in Merthyr Tydfil 1955 – 1975: The formation of a digital archive’, Global Village Festival, Theatre Soar, Merthyr Tydfil, July 2016.

Carr, P. ‘Popular Music in Merthyr Tydfil 1955 – 1975’, Merthyr Tydfil Family History Society, Theatre Soar, Merthyr Tydfil, June 2016.

Carr, P. ‘Magnetic North: Sting and Identity’, Newcastle University, April 2016.

Carr, P. ‘Frank Zappa and the And’, Bath Spa University, May 2014.

Carr, P. ‘Time, Space and Virtuality in the Music of Frank Zappa, Nottingham Contemporary, Nottingham, November 2013. See http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-6ObCjj0TXU

Carr, P. ‘Frank Zappa: A Case Study in Musicological Research’, John Bird Public Lectures, Cardiff University, November, 2011.

The Live Music Scene in Wales. The Institute of Welsh Affairs, Chapter Arts, Cardiff, July 2011.

The Changing Music Industry. The Hay Festival, Hay on Wye, Wales, May 2011.

Frank Zappa and the ‘And’: An introduction to his position in the epistemological divide. The University of Valencia, Spain, April 2011.

National Identity versus Commerce: An Analysis of the Opportunities and Limitations within the Welsh Music Scene for Composers and Performing Musicians, The Centre for Media and Culture in Small Nations Lecture Series, University of Glamorgan, Cardiff, Wales, January 2011.

The Welsh Music Industry:An Interim Discussion of The Welsh Music Foundation Report, Various locations throughout Wales, September – December 2010.

A Multidiscipline Approach To Making a Living in the Music Industry, The Brecon Jazz Festival, Brecon, Wales, August 2010.

Frank Zappa: Researching a Musical Legend, The 20th Zappanale Music Festival, Bad Doberan, Germany, August 2009

A Case for Work Based Learning: An FD In Music Retail Management, Roland Music Academies Annual Conference, Birmingham, June 2009

Popular Music Performance Assessment. Palatine Starting Out in Assessing Performance Conference. Swansea University, Swansea, December 2008

Music Foundation Degrees: New Levels of Construction, Roland Music Academies Annual Conference, St Pierre, Chepstow, October 2008

Assessing Popular Music Performance: Assessment Methodologies in Practice, Welsh Music Education Conference, City Hall, Cardiff, October 2008

The Implementation Of Digital Presentations And CMS Into The Popular Music Curriculum Two Case Studies, University Of Glamorgan, Cardiff, June 2008

The Roland Music Academy an HE Perspective, Walsall College, May 2008

Locating Frank Zappa in a Multidisciplinary Context: An Introduction. Aalborg University, Denmark, March 2008

Frank Zappa: A Case Study in Musical Research. Trinity College, Carmarthen, October 2007

BOOK REVIEWS
Carr, P. Review of Studying Popular Music Culture 2nd Edition by Tim Wall, Popular Music, Volume 34, Issue 3, October 2015, pp. 507 – 509

Carr, P. Review of The Cambridge Companion to the Beatles by Kenneth Womack by Kenneth Womack, Forthcoming review for 20th Century Music, 2012.

Carr, P. Review of Music Education in the 21st Century in the United Kingdom by Susan Hallam and Andrea Creech. Popular Music, Volume 30, Issue 09, September 2011, pp. 477 – 499.
Carr, P. Review of The Encyclopaedia of Popular Music by Colin Larkin, Popular Music, Volume 28, Issue 02, May 2009, pp. 263 – 265.

Carr, P. Review of The Sound of Stevie Wonder:His Words and Music by James E. Perone, Popular Music, Volume 27, Issue 02, May 2008, pp. 335-336.

Carr, P. Review of Satchmo: The Lewis Armstrong Encyclopaedia, by Michael Meckna. Popular Music, Volume 24, Issue 02, May 2005, pp. 304-305.

RECENT GRANT SUCCESSES

Carr, P (2014). ‘Dancing With Inter-disciplinarity: Strategies and Practices in HE Dance, Drama And Music, The Higher Education Academy (£3000).

Carr, P (2013). ‘The Valley Lines Music Map’. Creative Wales Exchange Network (£2472).

Carr, P (2012). ‘Employability: HE and the Welsh Music Industry’, The Higher Education Academy (£3600).

Carr, P (2011). ‘The Development of Foundation Degree in Music Industry Entrepreneurship’, European Social Fund. £549594.

Carr, P (2010). ‘Investigating the Live Music Industry in Wales: A Critical Analysis’, Welsh Assembly Government (£8048).

Carr, P (2009). ‘The Development of a Junior Music Academy Initiative’, Millennium Stadium Charitable Trust (£24317).

Carr, P (2008). ‘Our Place in the Future: An Investigation Into Partnering With Communities First Schools Beacons For Public Engagement’, The Beacons for Public Engagement (£6418).

Carr, P., Hand, R.J. (2006). ‘An Experiment in Interdisciplinary Teaching: The Musical Theatre of Frank Zappa’, Palitine (£960).

Memberships

Performing Rights Society
Mechanical Copyright Protection Society
Phonographic Performance Ltd
International Association for the Study of Popular Music
The Association for the Study of the Art of Record Production

External

Leeds College of Music (2014 – Present)

University of Sunderland (2014-Present)

Edinburgh Napier University (January 2012-2015)

Liverpool Hope University (2008 – 2012)

Bath Spa University (2007 – 2011)

University of Leeds (2006-2010)

Sunderland University (2004-2008)

University of Highlands and Islands (2004-2008)

EXTERNAL UNIVERSITY CONSULTANCY
Falmouth University: Final approval: BA Creative Music Performance (online) / BA Creative Songwriting (online) / BA Innovation in Artist Management (online) (January 2014)

Southampton Solent University: MA in Songwriting and MA in Music Festivals expert consultation (March 2012).

De Montfort University: FD degree expert consultation (July 2009)

Consultancy

In addition to that outlined above, I also occasionally work as a forensic musicologist/expert witness on a consultancy basis. Recent activity includes work for Warner Chappell and Universal Music on copyright infringement cases (including a major West End Show and a number of international recording artist recordings). I have also recently acted as a consultant for both Edexel and the Arts Council of Wales on ways in which the A Level school music curriculum can resonate more closely with the university sector. Regarding my work on Frank Zappa, I acted as an advisor on a recent edition of the American TV series History Detectives, when the programme investigated the authenticity of one of Frank Zappa’s paintings. I also regularly undertake peer reviews for research projects and journals, with recent activities including reviews for the Journal of Adaptation in Film and Performance, the Brock Review, the Economic and Social Research Council and the Higher Education Academy.

Research

Indicative Compositions and Recordings

Twitter

@pcarr

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