Staff Directory

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Contact Details


  • PgCLTHE (2019 – ongoing)
    University of South Wales
  • MRes Biodiversity and Conservation (2010 – 2011)
    University of Leeds
    Thesis 1: Patrilineal inheritance of grooming behaviour and parasite resistance in leaf-cutting ants (Acromyrmex sp.)
    Thesis 2: Factors affecting the productivity of three species of reed-nesting birds at two sites in the East Riding of Yorkshire
  • BSc (Hons) Zoology with Conservation (2006 – 2009)
    Bangor University
    Thesis: Dietary and faecal iron levels in captive black-and-white ruffed lemurs (Varecia variegata variegata)


My work is broadly focussed on conducting research that increases our understanding of species-specific and community ecology. I use field studies and historical data, along with R code and GIS software, to answer robust questions related to species distributions, community ecology, habitat selection, anthropogenic impacts. My work has implications for and informs conservation and management processes, policy, and commercial enterprises. .

I am interested in applying new technologies to conservation questions, and connecting people with science and nature. I am the creator and organiser of the twitter-based science communication project, @Biotweeps and Associate Editor of the journal Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation.



I currently teach across one undergraduate and one postgraduate course at USW.

Module leader

  • GE2S008 Biodiversity & Biogeography
  • GE2S017 Research Methods in Natural History
  • GE3S009 Mediterranean Field Expedition
  • ES4S011 European Field Expedition

Module contributor

  • BI3D104 BSc Project
  • GE0S04 Foundation in Natural History
  • GE1S008 Observational Field Work
  • GE1S010 Natural History
  • GE2S015 Natural History Field Course
  • ES4H001 Environmental Management & Legislation
  • ES4S009 Restoration Ecology
  • ES4S010 Terrestrial and Aquatic Conservation
  • ES4T001 MSc Project

Project supervision

Current students

  • Alan McCarthy
    Co-supervised with Prof. John O’Halloran (DoS) and Dr. Fidelma Butler (University College Cork)
    PhD thesis (NPWS funded): Wintering ecology of Hen Harriers
    MRes thesis (NPWS funded):Top-down and bottom-up factors affecting breeding Hen Harriers
  • Sammy Ball
    Co-supervised with Dr. Fidelma Butler (DoS; University College Cork)
    PhD thesis (IRC funded): Managing hares at Dublin airport
  • Maya Hudej
    Co-supervised with Dr. Esther Jones, and Dr Jenny Macpherson (Vincent Wildlife Trust)
    MSc thesis ‘Spatial ecology and site occupancy of translocated pine martens (Martes martes) in Wales’
  • Laura Brooks
    Co-supervised with Dr. David Lee
    MSc thesis: Factors affecting Pied Flycatcher (Ficedula hypoleuca) nest box occupancy and reproductive success in the Forest of Dean
  • Trisha Kallya
    MSc thesis: Mapping Current and potential distribution of native, naturalized and invasive deer in UK
  • Ayashi Majumder
    MSc thesis: Assessing site suitability for translocated dormice
  • Nicholas Bishop
    BSc thesis: Predators associated with breeding Avocet in Newport Wetlands reserve, with observations on Avocet reproductive success


  • Chloe O’Mahoney
    Co-supervised with Prof. John O’Halloran
    BSc thesis: Regional variation in Hen Harrier chick growth rates
  • Ashley Irwin
    Co-supervised with Dr. Dave Tosh
    MSc thesis: Otter along an urban-rural gradient using camera traps
    Co-supervised by Dr Neil Reid
    BSc thesis: The nutritional composition of vegetation associated with hares
  • Lauren Finley
    Co-supervised with Dr. Neil Reid
    MSc thesis: Estimaing hare population densities using camera traps and Random Encounter Models
  • Paige Havlin
    Co-supervised with Prof. Ian Montgomery
    BSc thesis: Population size, habitat associations and diet of wallabies on the Isle of Man
  • Mengyi Liu
    Co-supervised with Dr. Neil Reid & Prof. Ian Montgomery
    BSc thesis: Behaviour and stress in sympatric hare species
  • Claire Molloy
    Co-supervised with Dr. Neil Reid & Prof. Ian Montgomery
    BSc thesis: Ethology of Irish hares


Peer-reviewed publications

  1. Hayward M, Scanlon RJ, Callen A et al. including Caravaggi A. 2019. Reintroducing rewilding to restoration – Rejecting the search for novelty. Biological Conservation. 233:255-259.
  2. Caravaggi A, Vallely M-C, Hogg K, Freeman M, Fadaei E, Reid N, Dick JTA, Tosh D. 2018. Seasonal and predator-prey effects on circadian activity of free-ranging mammals revealed by camera traps. PeerJ. 6:e5827
  3. Caravaggi A, Cuthbert RJ, Ryan RG, Cooper J, Bond AL. 2018. The cumulative impacts of introduced house mice on the breeding success of nesting seabirds on Gough Island. Ibis. doi: 10.1111/ibi.12664.
  4. Caravaggi A, Plowman A, Wright D, Bishop C. 2018. The composition of captive ruffed lemur (Varecia spp.) diets in UK zoological collections, with reference to the problems of obesity and iron storage disease. Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research. 6: 51-49.
  5. Havlin P, Caravaggi A, Montgomery WI. 2018. The diet and abundance of an introduced insular population of Red-Necked Wallabies, Macropus rufogriseus. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 96(4): 357-365.
  6. O’Halloran J, Kelly TC, Quinn JL, Irwin S, Fernández-Bellon D, Caravaggi A, Smiddy P. 2017. Current ornithological research in Ireland: seventh Ornithological Research Conference, UCC, November 2017. Irish Birds. 10: 598–638.
  7. Caravaggi A, Montgomery WI, Reid N. 2017. Management and control of invasive brown hares (Lepus europaeus): contrasting attitudes of selected environmental stakeholders and the wider rural community. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy: Biology & Environment. 117B:1-11.
  8. Tennant JP, Graziotin D, Jacques DC, et al., including Caravaggi A. 2017. A multi-disciplinary perspective on emergent and future innovations in peer review. F1000Research. 6:1151.
  9. Caravaggi A, Banks P, Burton C, Finlay CMV, Hayward M, Haswell, PM, Rowcliffe JM, Wood M. 2017. A review of camera trapping for conservation behaviour research. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation. 3(3): 109-122.
  10. Caravaggi A. remBoot: 2017. An R package for Random Encounter Modelling. Journal of Open Source Software. 2(10).
  11. Caravaggi A, Leach K, Santilli F, Rintala J, Helle P, Tiainen J, Bisi F, Martinoli A, Montgomery WI, Reid N. 2017. Niche overlap of mountain hare subspecies and the vulnerability of their ranges to invasion by the European hare; the (bad) luck of the Irish. Biological Invasions. 19(2): 655-674.
  12. Caravaggi A, Zaccaroni M, Riga F, Schai-Braun SC, Dick JTA, Montgomery WI, Reid N. 2016. An invasive-native mammalian species replacement process captured by camera trap survey Random Encounter Models. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation. 2: 45-58.
  13. Caravaggi A, Montgomery WI, Reid N. 2015. Range expansion and comparative habitat use of insular, congeneric lagomorphs: invasive European hares Lepus europaeus and endemic Irish hares Lepus timidus hibernicus. Biological Invasions. 17(2): 687-698.

Book chapters

  1. Caravaggi A. 2018. Lagomorpha Life History. In: Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior, Vonk J, Shackelford TK (eds.) doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_1206-1
  2. Caravaggi A. 2018. Lagomorpha Navigation. In: Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior, Vonk J, Shackelford TK (eds.) doi:

Technical reports

  1. McGowan N, Dingerkus K, Stone R, Caravaggi A, et al. 2018. Hare Survey of Ireland 2018/2019: Interim Report (June) 2018. Report produced for the Department of Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht.

Other publications

  1. Hayward M, Scanlon RJ, Callen A et al. including Caravaggi A. 2019. The search for novelty continues for rewilding. Biological Conservation. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2019.05.041
  2. Caravaggi A, James K. 2017. Twittersphere: Conferencing in 140 characters. Nature. 549: 458.


Member of the British Ecological Society, British Trust for Ornithology, British Ornithologists Union, Mammal Society, Royal Society of Biology, Society for Conservation Biology, Welsh Ornithological Society


  • Athena SWAN champion for the Faculty of Computing, Engineering and Science


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